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GEORGE WASHINGTON AND THE IMPOSSIBLE DREAM

 

By John F. Di Leo – 

Reflections on the anniversary of General Washington’s arrival at Cambridge, July, 1775, a year before the Declaration of Independence…

Having been unanimously selected by his fellow delegates in the Continental Congress as Commander-in-Chief, on June 15, 1775, George Washington of Virginia was commissioned a General on June 19 and sent off to assume command of the newly created Continental Army… which was then little more than a fiction, as those awaiting him outside Boston really belonged to their localities and their states.

When General Washington arrived at Cambridge, Massachusetts on July 3, 1775, he took command of a collection of local militias, some large, some small, blessed with great patriotism, great courage, and great will… but precious little actual military ability or experience.

What General Washington knew from his own service with the English, during the Seven Years’ War  (also known as the French and Indian War), was that, this time, he was up against the greatest fighting force in the world, in some ways, the greatest fighting force in human history up to that point.

And he knew that his troops, whatever their patriotism, courage and will, were no match for them.

The Man and His Journey

Like most Colonial Americans of the time, George Washington was raised in Virginia as a proud Englishman.  Compared to all the other cultures of the world, the English of the 18th century had good reason to be proud; they had more freedom – both political and economic – than most other people in the world, and they had a fair means of redressing injustices, through the courts and the legislature.

Every American colony had long had its own legislature, based on Parliament itself, and with regular elections – and regular opportunities to meet with one’s representative, if one wanted to – the freemen of these colonies felt that they enjoyed the same good life as their cousins back home; even better, in fact, because our diet, our weather, economic opportunity and religious freedom were all superior to almost every other country (as long as you didn’t have the misfortune of being born into slavery, or living in one of the coast’s yellow fever breeding grounds, anyway).

But this golden existence started to change for the worse – to actually go backward – in the mid-18th century.

First, King George II started forcibly restricting the economic options available to the Colonists, shutting down their foundries, banning certain types of manufacturing, in order to force the colonies to remain dependent upon the mother country for finished goods. Then, after the Seven Years War, his son George III, the third Hanoverian king, decided to fund the costs of the war with onerous new taxes, set entirely by Parliament.

Finally, when colonists objected to these changes, George III instituted aspects of martial law, such as shutting our ports, ordering that we could no longer trade with anyone but England, even stationing soldiers in civilians’ homes!  And all of this was done without the slightest consultation with any of our own duly elected colonial governments.  In fact, when our colonial governments objected, King George ordered them shut down too.

George Washington was therefore ahead of the curve on the question of independence. Even when he couldn’t say so out loud, because he was ahead of his time on this, as on so many things, he had been working toward American independence for years.

Washington had become the most experienced soldier on the American frontier, during the Seven Years War. He had then served in the Virginia House of Burgesses, as a legislator, for almost twenty years, before being sent to Philadelphia to attend the Continental Congress as a delegate from Virginia.  When that Congress needed to select a military leader, known and respected the world over, to unify both the colonies’ armed services and their public opinion effort, George Washington really was the only logical choice.

But as ready as he was to be chosen, and as clear as he was on the challenge that they were to face in the years to come, he could never have been ready for what he found, when he arrived at Boston that first week of July, 1775.

The Soldiers of the Glorious Cause

When General Washington reached Boston to take command on July 3, the rival armies were in a tense holding pattern.   The British army was concentrated in the city of Boston; most patriots had already fled.  Thousands of militiamen, representing various towns and states on the patriot side, were arranged in a siege line, blockading all of Boston except the harbor… so the British had a line of supply via the sea, as the patriots had a line of supply over land.

Try to imagine General Washington’s discovery, over those first few days of his command, on July 3, 4 and 5, 1775, as he realized just how bad things were for his men.  It must have gone something like this:  “Let’s see them in formation.”  “They don’t know how to do formation, sir.”  “Let’s supervise some artillery drills.” “We don’t have enough cannonballs for artillery drills, sir.”  “Hmmm… well, let’s see some rifle marksmanship practice then.”  “Actually, General, we don’t have enough gunpowder or ammunition to spare for practice.”

This is no exaggeration.  Our troops were willing, but they were untrained and ill-equipped.  Without gunpowder and ammunition, they could not practice, and without practice, they were even more ill-matched than they looked.  While some New Englanders had served in past wars, and some were experienced hunters, far too many had never held a gun before, and needed training at a time when we had no way to train them!

So one of General Washington’s greatest challenges, those first months on the job, was to organize this odd collection of independent platoons and companies into a single, organized unit… and to beg the Continental Congress, in letter after pleading letter, for the clothing, food, gunpowder and shells they would need to practice… both to keep the Redcoats nervous and to be able to beat the Redcoats when the time for a confrontation finally arrived.

Imagine holding a city under siege, virtually on a poker bluff.   He had to give the impression that the Continentals were as threatening a force as they had been a few months earlier, at Lexington, Concord, and Bunker Hill.  He could never let the British know that they were surrounded by a ring of amateurs, with barely enough powder and bullets for a single shot, after which they would have to do their fighting in hand-to-hand combat with bayonets (a method that only has a chance, after all, if both sides are out of ammunition).

In the great Peter Stone / Sherman Edwards musical, 1776, which, hopefully, everyone watches sometime on or around Independence Day, we listen to the secretary reading the General’s dispatches… we watch John Adams plead the ladies of Massachusetts to show their support for the war effort by manufacturing and shipping gunpowder to the troops… we hear the reports of famished troops, desperate for sustenance as the months (and years) go by.

That imagery is all true. When General Washington took command in July, 1775, this newly-assembled federation was in no shape, economically or logistically, to fight any kind of war, especially against the greatest military force on earth.

Strategy, Patience, and Time

But despite these challenges, General Washington, the Continental Army and eventual Navy, and all the militias and spy rings and privateers and foreign allies that somehow came together in the years to come, managed to do the impossible after all.

General Washington sent forces where he could, where there might be a chance… training his people as he could, equipping them as well as possible, making the most of every opportunity, for every year of the fight, as reliant on patience as on any other tool of war.

The tense stalemate in Boston, for example, lasted nearly a year, neither side daring to start a battle that might be either an utter defeat or a pyrrhic victory.  It didn’t break until March of 1776, when young bookseller Henry Knox returned from an impossible journey bearing the Guns of Ticonderoga, and Washington could at last fortify the Dorchester Heights and drive British from Boston in a single overwhelming battle, impressive enough to give the Continental Congress enough confidence to pass a Declaration of Independence.

That was the situation, again and again, over the eight long years of the war – valiant but ill-equipped soldiers had to wait, suffering starvation and illness, as lack of funds and lack of opportunity, sometimes for weeks or months, necessarily postponed action until some bit of luck would finally break their way.

Over the years, General Washington ordered that all new recruits be inoculated against smallpox. He gave orders on how to design and place the latrines so that camps would be hygienic. He put Baron von Steuben in charge of training, and directed young aide Alexander Hamilton to turn that Prussian training into an American training manual.

The General did the best he could with what little he was given.  He partnered with the French, noting who he could count on as a true friend of our effort, like young Lafayette, and who he could tell was more a strategic partner.  Starting with few experienced officers, he cultivated young talent, doing his best to reward merit without regard to breeding (a concept unheard of in the British army), setting Henry Knox, Alexander Hamilton, Tench Tilghman, John Trumbull, and dozens of others on their way to greatness in their own right over the years… not to mention the tens of thousands of patriotic heroes whose names we do not know.

A Long and Worthy Fight

Counting the days from the Shot Heard Round the World, at Lexington and Concord in April, 1775, until the peace was finally signed at the Hotel d’York in Paris, in September, 1783, the American War of Independence lasted eight and a half years.  And if we count the days from when King George III first imposed martial law on Boston and started shutting down colonial legislatures in the late 1760s, the true timeframe must have felt to our Founders like fifteen years, not eight.

We complain today about how long our wars are.  Having been spoiled by the two-year Korean Conflict, the two-month conquest of Grenada, and the six-month Desert Shield / Desert Storm, the idea of a war lasting several years is simply “too much” in the minds of many, and in a nation in which public opinion determines elections, that means that a long war frequently signals punishment at the polls, no matter whether that lengthy duration was in fact avoidable or not.

The duration of a war is often not up to one side or the other alone.  In the case of our own War of Independence, the only way it could have been shorter is if we had decided to lose.  The modified Fabian strategy that General Washington pursued – making the war so long and costly for the British that they would lose interest in the fight before we did – virtually required that we be patient.  We waited them out, forcing England to finance a difficult foreign war for years and years, and it worked in the end… for us.

And we learned lessons, so many lessons, from the War of Independence, though we have forgotten many of them in the centuries since.  Among them:

  • We must always be ready for war. In the 1750s, virtually no American colonists would have dreamed that we would find it necessary to fight a War of Independence twenty years later, but we did.  You can’t always pick the time for action; sometimes, the time is picked for you.
  • The power of government that we count on to defend us could easily be turned against us, so we must be capable on our own, of either defending ourselves from criminals when our government will not, or overthrowing the government when it becomes tyrannical. In many ways, the 2nd Amendment was born on July 3, 1775, when General Washington arrived in Boston to find men who didn’t even know how to handle a firearm; we must never allow our people to be so inexperienced again.
  • Our forefathers’ pride in their English heritage was rooted in the traditions of the English Common Law and a half-millennium of progress in limited government and expanding individual freedoms. As late as the days of George Washington’s youth, it was assumed that the days of activist monarchs were over for English speakers, and legislatures such as Parliament and our colonial statehouses were in charge. It all changed on a dime when George III inherited the throne, and decided on his own that colonial legislatures were just a meaningless plaything, and that his subjects’ liberty was a privilege he could grant or withhold at his whim. We learned that it was not enough to have the tradition of limited government; we must teach it, and appreciate it, and be prepared to fight whenever the establishment tries to change the rules.
  • We need a strong and independent economy. Our colonies were so dependent upon England for finished goods – from clothing to plows, from cups and dishes to hand tools – that our war effort and our entire economy suffered for a decade. We learned this lesson, and worked to become self-sufficient in the 19th century, so that imports could be purchased by choice not by necessity, but we forgot this lesson in the 20th  Today, unable to make things at home, we import critical technology from distant lands, sometimes even the countries we are likely one day to face on the battlefield… putting both our economy and our war effort at risk in a future war.

The lessons to be learned from the wisdom and experience of our Founding Fathers are as numerous as the stars in the heavens; these few barely scratch the surface. But perhaps most important is this one:  that history is made by people, so we must nurture and value those people.  Who is available when the call comes? Who has prepared for the challenge, and rises to it when called?  Are we operating a society that prepares people, studying philosophy and religion, math and science, history and economics, so they will be ready for these jobs, whatever these jobs may be, when their nation needs them?

Divine Providence broke all precedent in the second half of the 18th century, when He placed a concentration of the greatest minds in human history on the eastern coast of a barely-explored continent, giving them an opportunity to change the world for the better. Adams and Paine, Lafayette and Hamilton, Morris and Morris, Knox and Mulligan, and most of all, George Washington, the Father of his Country.

Our lives, and our very world, are better because these men lived.

And on holidays like Independence Day, we are proud to take the time to honor and cherish their memory, and to thank Divine Providence, once again, for giving these heroes to us.

Copyright 2017 John F. Di Leo 

John F. Di Leo is a Chicagoland-based Customs broker and international trade lecturer, actor and writer.  He studied his history and political science as a student at Northwestern University, but learned the most about our heritage in independent study, as a consumer of the biographies and histories written about our Founding by such talents as Flexner, Ellis, Brookhiser, Johnson, Randall and Unger.  There are so many great historians, available online or from a local library. Know your history!

Permission is hereby granted to forward freely, provided it is uncut and the IR URL and byline remain.

DRIVE THEM INSANE

HEM INSA

TAKE THAT LIBERALS! Trump’s Genius Just Got Around Court’s Travel Ban Block To Help Protect America

The liberal courts might be holding up President Trump’s travel ban, but that’s not going to stop him from finding other ways to keep Americans safe. On Wednesday President Trump signed an executive order that will slow down the process of getting visas for short-term visitors to the U.S.

Liberty Writers reports,

In 2012 Obama signed an executive order which ordered the State Department to complete interviews for 80% short-term visa applicants within three weeks. President Trump reversed that order on Wednesday.

Assistant press secretary Michael Short said:

“This is a very straightforward step that removes an arbitrary requirement and ensures the State Department has the needed discretion to make real-world security determinations. The president expects careful, accurate vetting of visa applicants, not a rushed process to accommodate an arbitrary deadline.

That’s great news! It is so nice to have a president finally putting the safety of Americans first! Last year alone the State Department processed about 10.4 MILLION short term visas- President Trump wants to make sure each and every visitor who gets in is coming for good reasons.

My God that was a tough generation

My God that was a tough generation. I see today’s youth either cowering in safe places or their parents’ basements or acting like Nazi brown shirts on campuses, and feel an overwhelming sense of foreboding about the prospects for America’s future. Socialism, the Deep State of feckless cronies, massive debt, rampant moral hazard at every level of society, a corrupt education system…it cannot end well.
 
Burial At Sea 72 years ago.
Here’s footage you’ll see only once in a lifetime. Just imagine being there to witness it!
Tough times, tough people!
Loyce Edward Deen, an Aviation Machinist Mate 2nd Class, USNR, was a gunner on a TBM Avenger.

On November 5, 1944, Deen’s squadron participated in a raid on Manila where hisplane was hit multiple times by anti-aircraft fire while attacking a Japanese cruiser. Deen was killed. The Avenger’s pilot, Lt.; Robert Cosgrove,managed to return to his carrier, the USS Essex.
Both Deen and the plane had been shot up so badly that it was decided to leave him in the plane. It is the only time in U.S. Navy history (and probably U.S. military history) that an aviator was buried in his aircraft after being killed in action.
 
 
 

VOTER FRAUD EVIDENCE FOUND! Trump Was Right

A report of voter fraud is emerging from Marion County, Indiana where a dozen staffers have been charged.

Eleven canvassers and their supervisor allegedly made changes to an undisclosed number of voter registrations.

The group also shared links to the Democratic Party.

The Daily Caller reports,

According to the Associated Press, prosecutors say that 11 temporary canvassers working for the Indiana Voter Registration Project made and sent in an unknown number of fake voter applications. The canvassers’ supervisor, Holiday Burke, was charged as well.

The organization, the AP reported, is managed by Patriot Majority USA  a group with strong ties to Democratic Party, including former President Bill Clinton and former Senate Minority Leader Harry Reid, as well as labor unions.

Suspicions were raised when a number of changes were made on applications:

The investigation by state authorities began last August when a clerk in Hendricks County marked around a dozen voter forms with suspicious information. The probe went into 56 counties where the organization collected 45,000 applications.

“We looked onto the Statewide Voter Registration System and noticed that there had been an unusually high number of date of birth and first name changes,” the secretary of state’s office told CNN last October.

If convicted, the penalty could include jail time, per Associated Press:

All 12 defendants face one count each of procuring or submitting voter registration applications known to be false, fictitious or fraudulent. Eleven of them face one perjury count each, while the 12th — their supervisor — faces one count of counterfeiting.If convicted on all the charges each defendant faces up to 2 ½ years in prison.

The Indiana Voter Registration Project faces the same charges as the supervisor. If convicted, the group could face a fine of $10,000.

The canvassers may have been influenced to make the false registrations to keep getting paid:

The investigation found workers had submitted bogus applications on behalf of nonexistent residents, submitted new applications for people who were already registered, and at least one application was submitted on behalf of a minor, he said.

A search warrant unsealed on Nov. 14 says some workers admitted to falsifying registrations, saying they faced the possibility of losing their temporary job if they didn’t register at least 10 new voters a day.

The probable cause affidavit says supervisors told canvassers “to obtain their quota by any means necessary.” Canvassers were paid $10 an hour and worked five-hour shifts.

“By giving someone a financial motive to (meet a quota) is what caused these canvassers to cut corners and do things that not only undermined the goal of having legitimate registered voters but led to a situation where we allege it bled over into criminal conduct,” Curry said.

Mattis Blames Obama for Failures in Afghanistan

United States Secretary of Defense James Mattis blamed former President Barack Obama for the U.S. losing the war in Afghanistan.

According to The Daily Caller, Mattis spoke in front of the Senate Appropriations subcommittee on Wednesday to discuss President Donald Trump’s decision to give Mattis the power to examine the number of troops in Afghanistan.

During his testimony, Mattis explained how former President Barack Obama’s decision to pull support for Afghan troops in 2014 allowed the Taliban to build up its power in the country. As a result, the war in Afghanistan will not end any time soon, and it’s up to Trump and his team to resolve the situation.

“I believe that we pulled out forces at a time, as you know, when the violence was lower, but we pulled them out on a timeline rather than consistent with the maturation of the government and the security forces,” Mattis said.

The Washington Examiner noted that Mattis blamed President Obama for his “misguided” decision.

“At one point, when we reduced our forces there, I believe in what was probably in hindsight a misguided application of our forces. We restricted them from using our air support, with some idea we would wean them off the need for it,” Mattis said.

Then, Mattis dropped a bomb and completely humiliated President Obama and his leadership. “The result was that as security declined, all the other stresses have come to bear, to include heavy casualties on the part of the Afghan forces, other nations pulled their forces out as well, and the Taliban was emboldened,” Mattis said.

“We’re not winning in Afghanistan right now, and we will correct this as soon as possible,” he said with authority.

According to The New York Times, Mattis also laid out the Trump administration’s plan to win the war in Afghanistan.

The U.S. will reassess the need for additional troops in Afghanistan in an effort to support Afghan troops in their goal to reduce violence in the country. Those U.S. service members will include air power and possibly special operations forces. After a period of time, the Trump administration hopes that U.S. forces will have provided Afghan troops all they need to sustain safety in their country on their own.

It seems as if Trump has more of a plan to win the war than Obama ever did.

Four revelations from Sessions hearing

U.S. Attorney General Jeff Sessions testified before the Senate Intelligence Committee Tuesday afternoon just days after fired FBI Director James Comey appeared before the same panel investigating questions of Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election and possible collusion with President Donald Trump’s campaign.

During his testimony, Sessions rejected any insinuation that he colluded with Russian operatives to influence the presidential election in any way, calling the suggestion an  “appalling and detestable lie.”

Here are four major takeaways from Tuesday’s open hearing:

No. 1: Sessions: I had no meetings with Russian operatives in the Mayflower Hotel

Sessions told the Intelligence Committee under oath that he had no private meetings with Russian operatives during an April 2016 event during which then-candidate Donald Trump delivered a foreign policy speech at the Mayflower Hotel in Washington, D.C.

“If any brief interaction occurred in passing with the Russian ambassador during that reception,” Sessions said, “I do not remember it.”

The attorney general did, however, acknowledge that he did meet twice with Russian Ambassador Sergey Kislyak, once during the Republican National Convention and once in his Senate office, two meetings he failed to disclose during his confirmation hearings earlier this year.

Sessions’ recollection of the Mayflower event is in contradiction to testimony shared last week by Comey. Comey, speaking to the same committee during a closed-door session, reportedly told the senators that Sessions may have held a previously undisclosed meeting with Kislyak at the hotel.

“Any suggestion that I participated in, or was aware of, collusion with the Russians is an appalling and detestable lie,” Sessions declared in his opening statement Tuesday.

No. 2: Sessions says he recused himself only because of Justice Department rules

The attorney general explained to the committee that — in his mind — the sole reason he recused himself from the Russia investigation is because of Justice Department regulations.

Sessions, who served as a top surrogate for Trump’s campaign, said Tuesday that it was “not because of an asserted wrongdoing, or any belief that I may have been involved in any wrongdoing in the campaign” that he recused himself from the investigation. Instead, Sessions said his recusal, which came in early March, was because of “a Department of Justice regulation” that he felt required him to step away.

The top Trump official explained that the regulation stipulates that Justice Department employees “should not participate in investigations of a campaign if they served as a campaign adviser,” as he did during the 2016 election.

Despite that recusal, a frustrated Sessions made clear he would not stand idly by as lawmakers — and Comey — cast aspersions, accusing him of potential wrongdoing.

“I did not recuse myself from defending my honor against scurrilous and false allegations,” he said.

Interestingly, Sessions’ explanation for stepping away from the Russia probe differs from what he told the Senate Judiciary Committee during his confirmation hearings in late January. At the time, he said he was “not aware of a basis to recuse myself.”

“If merely being a supporter of the President’s during the campaign warranted recusal from involvement in any matter involving him, then most typical presidential appointees would be unable to conduct their duties,” he said at the time.

Democrats then — as they have since — raised concerns about a potential conflict of interest. Sessions, though, said Tuesday he has not been briefed at all on the Russia investigation.

No. 3: Comey did meet alone with Trump, Sessions confirms

Sessions corroborated part of Comey’s testimony last week, telling the Senate Intelligence Committee that Trump did at one time abruptly request a private Oval Office meeting with the former FBI director.

The attorney general testified that he and other officials filed out of the president’s office, leaving Trump alone with Comey following a group meeting in February. At the time, the FBI was investigating former National Security Adviser Michael Flynn and his ties to Russian operatives.

Comey told lawmakers last week that during that private encounter, Trump told him: “I hope you can see your way clear to letting this go, to letting Flynn go. He is a good guy. I hope you can let this go.”

Sessions said Tuesday that Comey came to him the day after his private meeting with Trump to express “concern” about being left alone with the president, but the ex-FBI chief offered no details about his conversation with Trump.

Sessions said he “affirmed” Comey’s concerns and implored him to not hold any conversations with Trump about any investigation “in a way that was not proper.” He added that Comey, who had been in the bureau for many years, “knew those policies probably a good deal better than I did.”

No. 4: Sessions rejects any claims that he is ‘stonewalling’

During a particularly heated moment in the lengthy Senate hearing Tuesday, Sessions, a former Republican senator from Alabama, rejected the notion that he was “stonewalling” questions from lawmakers.

The attorney general’s rejection came when his former colleague, Sen. Ron Wyden (D-Ore.), told him: “The American people have had it with stonewalling. Americans don’t want to hear that answers to relevant questions are privileged and off-limits, or that they cannot be provided in public, or that it would be quote ‘inappropriate’ for witnesses to tell us what they know.”

Earlier in the hearing, Sessions claimed to be unable to reveal the details of his private communications with the president because he did not want to step on Trump’s opportunity to decide — at some future time — whether or not he wants to invoke executive privilege.

Sessions asserted he was not trying to evade the senators’ questions but was just “following the historic policies of the Department of Justice.” He never clarified exactly what policies he was referring to.

“You don’t walk into any hearing, or committee meeting, and reveal confidential communications with the president of the United States, who is entitled to receive confidential communications in your best judgment about a host of issues,” he added.

That line of questioning ultimately led to an extremely intense exchange between Sessions and Wyden, who then pressed the attorney general on statements made by Comey during his testimony last week. The Oregon lawmaker explained that Comey vaguely testified to “matters” regarding Sessions’ recusal “that were problematic.”

When he asked the attorney general what Comey might have been referring to, Sessions shot back: “Why don’t you tell me? There are none!”

“This is a secret innuendo being leaked out there about me, and I don’t appreciate it,” Sessions said. “People are suggesting through innuendo that I have been not honest about matters, and I’ve tried to be honest.”

Sessions ultimately voiced frustration that any details of Comey’s closed-door testimony made it into news reports.

THIS IS MOST CERTAINLY TRUE.- IT MAKES SENSE

BRILLIANCE IN 3 PARTS

 

 

Part I:
A. Back off and let those men who want to marry men, marry men.
B. Allow those women who want to marry women, marry women.
C. Allow those folks who want to abort their babies, abort their babies.

In three generations, there will be no more Democrats.

 

 

Part II:
10 Poorest Cities in America  (How did it happen?)
  City, State, % of People Below the Poverty Level

  1. Detroit, MI 32.5%
    2. Buffalo, NY 29.9%
    3 Cincinnati, OH 27.8%
    4. Cleveland, OH 27.0%
    5. Miami, FL 26.9%
    5 St. Louis, MO 26.8%
    7. El Paso, TX 26.4%
    8. Milwaukee, WI 26.2%
    9. Philadelphia, PA 25.1%
    10. Newark, NJ 24.2%

What do these top ten cities (over 250,000 pop.) with the highest poverty rate all have in common?

Detroit, MI – (1st on poverty rate list) hasn’t elected a Republican mayor since 1961
Buffalo, NY – (2nd) hasn’t elected one since 1954 
Cincinnati, OH – (3rd) not since 1984
Cleveland, OH – (4th) not since 1989
Miami, FL – (5th) has never had a Republican mayor
St. Louis, MO – (6th) not since 1949
El Paso, TX – (7th) has never had a Republican mayor
Milwaukee, WI – (8th) not since 1908
Philadelphia, PA – (9th) not since 1952 
Newark, NJ – (10th) not since 1907

Einstein once said, ‘The definition of insanity is doing the same thing over and over again and expecting different results.’
It is the poor who habitually elect Democrats… yet they are still POOR.

 

Part III:

“You cannot help the poor by destroying the rich.
You cannot strengthen the weak by weakening the strong.
You cannot bring about prosperity by discouraging thrift.
You cannot lift the wage earner up by pulling the wage payer down.
You cannot further the brotherhood of man by inciting class hatred.
You cannot build character and courage by taking away people’s initiative and independence.
You cannot help people permanently by doing for them, what they could and should do for themselves.”
Abraham Lincoln

 

 

“Any man who thinks he can be happy and prosperous by letting the government take care of him had better take a much closer look at the American Indian.”
                                   ~Henry Ford

COMEY: I LEAKED TOO! FBI director drops bombshell that he ‘got his version out’ after he was fired in devastating testimony calling Trump a LIAR who he felt ordered him to CLEAR Flynn but dodges whether the president obstructed justice

 

  • Fired FBI director James Comey testified in a Senate Intelligence Committee hearing on Thursday morning
  • He said President Trump ‘lied’ when he described the reason for his firing
  • He described Trump’s ‘shifting’ explanations when he later said he fired Comey for the Russia investigation 
  • Said he took it as a ‘direction’ when Trump told him to let Flynn investigation go 
  • Comey will share an account of Trump’s demands for loyalty and his requests that the FBI end an investigation into embattled adviser Mike Flynn
  • Trump’s lawyer is claiming vindication since Comey confirmed on Wednesday that he told Trump he wasn’t personally being investigated 
  • The ‘Super Bowl of Washington’ has bars offering ‘impeachment’ drinks and the entire country on edge 
  • Comey dared Trump to release tapes of their meetings: ‘I’ve seen the tweet about tapes. Lordy, I hope there are tapes!’ 
  • Says he directed a professor friend to leak the contents of a memo to a reporter to get info about his Trump encounter into the ‘public square’ 
  • Said there was ‘no fuzz’ on the fact that Russia interfered in the 2016 election 
  • White House fires back: ‘The president’s not a liar’
  • http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/search.html?s=&authornamef=David+Martosko,+Us+Political+Editor+For+Dailymail.com
  • Fired FBI Director James Comey delivered some of the most watched political testimony in years by calling out the ‘lies’ told after President sacked him, blasting an administration he says chose to ‘demean’ him and claiming he felt the president ‘directed’ him to call off an FBI investigation – then admitting he had leaked against the president himself.

    In riveting testimony watched around the nation, Comey disputed ‘shifting explanations’ that followed his firing, and specifically pointed to Trump‘s televised comment that he fired Comey because of the FBI’s Russia investigation.

    His remarks laid out the carefully constructed beginnings of a case that President Trump used his power and his relationship with Comey in a way that might have taken investigative pressure off a longtime supporter accused of Russia ties – fired security advisor Mike Flynn – and remove a ‘cloud’ that was hanging over his young administration.

    Comey described the president’s extraordinary efforts to get with him one-on-one to discuss the Flynn case, create a sense of political indebtedness, and reject salacious unproven allegations about the president.

    He stated his own unequivocal belief that he was fired ‘beause of’ his handling of the wideranging investigation of Russian election interference, but ripped the president’s decision to explain his own firing by citing a variety of other reasons.

    But Comey also declined to call what he experienced obstruction of justice, admitted directing the leak of his own memos of his Trump encounters, and confirmed that the president was not personally under investigation at the time he was unceremoniously fired in May.

    ‘The administration then chose to demean me and more importantly the FBI,’ Comey complained at the top of his remarks.

    ‘Those were lies, plain and simple,’ he said in firm but unemotional terms.

    Comey testified he believed the president directed him to halt a probe of security advisor Mike Flynn, said he kept copious notes because he feared Trump would lie, and acknowledged putting out information about his unusual meetings with the president after Trump tweeted after he fired Comey.

    LEAKS AND TAPES 

    ‘The president tweeted on Friday, after I got fired, that I’d better hope there’s not tapes. I woke up in the middle of the night Monday night, because it didn’t dawn on me originally, that there might be corroboration for our conversation,’ Comey testified.

    ‘There might be a tape. And my judgement was, I needed to get that out into the public square. And so I asked a friend of mine to share the content of that memo with a reporter. Didn’t do it myself for a variety of reasons, but I asked him to because I thought that might prompt the appointment of a special counsel … a good friend of mine who’s a professor at Columbia Law School,’ Comey said.

    Columbia Prof. Daniel Richman confirmed to a reporter for Mic that he leaked the document.

    Comey wouldn’t pass judgement on whether the president’s conducted amounted to obstruction of justice. ‘I don’t know. That’s Bob Mueller’s job to sort that out,’ he said, pointing to the special counsel probing Russian election interference and related matters.

    He shared information about his encounters with officials in the FBI and the Justice Department, but did not disclose an awkward conversation with the president about the Flynn probe with Attorney General Jeff Sessions, saying he assumed correctly that Sessions would soon have to recuse himself from matters involving the Russia investigation.

    Comey said he has already turned over his memos to special counsel Robert Mueller. Senators pinged him with questions about who else might have them, indicating that the investigatory panel was still searching for a way to gain its own access to the information.

  • WON’T SAY TRUMP ENGAGED IN OBSTRUCTION OF JUSTICE

    In an early revelation, Comey stopped short of describing a conversation where Trump asked him to let go of an investigation into fired national security advisor Mike Flynn as obstruction of justice, which is a federal crime.

    ‘General Flynn at that point of time was in legal jeopardy. There was an open FBI criminal investigation of his statements in connection with the Russian contacts and the contacts themselves,’ Comey said.

    ‘I don’t think it’s for me to say whether the conversation I had with the president was an effort to obstruct. I took it as a very disturbing thing, very concerning. But that’s a conclusion I’m sure the special counsel will work towards, to try and understand what the intention was there, and whether that’s an offense,’ he said.

    COMEY TOOK NOTES BECAUSE TRUMP ‘MIGHT LIE’

    He said he kept detailed records of his interactions with the president because he was ‘honestly concerned that [Trump] might lie about the nature of our meeting.’

    It was a contrast to the reviews he got from the president while he was in office. ‘He had repeatedly told me I was doing a great job and he hoped I would stay.

    Comey explained why he kept detailed memos on his conversations and meetings with the president – something he said he didn’t do with President George W. Bush and Barack Obama because there wasn’t a need.

    ‘I knew that there might come a day when I would need a record of what had happened, not just to defend myself but to defend the FBI and our integrity as an institution,’ Comey said.

    ‘I was honestly concerned that he might lie about the nature of our meeting, so I thought it really important to document,’ he said.

    Comey’s testimony at a glance

      On letting Mike Flynn probe go:

    ‘I took it as a direction.’

    On obstruction of justice:

    ‘I don’t think it’s for me to say whether the conversation I had with the president was an effort to obstruct.’

    On asking a friend to leak his account of a Trump meeting:

    ‘I needed to get that out into the public square.’

    On why he got fired:

    ‘It’s my judgement that I was fired because of the Russia investigation.’

    On Trump mentioning ‘that thing’ in a conversation without explanation

    The president ‘was preparing himself to say I offered loyalty to you you promised loyalty to me.’

    On having to blow off his wife to meet one-on-one with Trump for alleged pressure meeting:

    ‘In retrospect, I lost spending time with my wife, I wish I’d been there that night.’

    On former attorney general Loretta Lynch and the Clinton investigation:

    ‘At one point the attorney general directed me not to call it an “investigation” but instead to call it a “matter,” which confused me and concerned me’

    On White House recordings of his conversations with Trump:

    ‘Lordy, I hope there are tapes!’

    On his own conduct, which included not confronting Trump directly:

    ‘I don’t want it to sound like I was Captain Courageous’

    FLYNN COMMENT TAKEN AS ‘DIRECTION’ 

    Comey also explained how he interpreted Trump’s statement in an unusual one-on-one meeting where he asked Comey to let the investigation of security advisor Mike Flynn go.

    Under questioning from Sen. James Ritsch, Comey said the exact words Trump words were that he ‘hoped’ he would let the probe go.

    ‘Those words are not an order,’ he acknowledged.

    But he also said: ‘I took it as a direction. This is the president of the United States with me along saying: ‘I hope this.’ I took it as what he wants me to do,’ Comey said.

    Daniel Richman, professor at Columbia Law School in New York, is an advisor to Comey, who said he passed his memo of a Trump meeting to a friend who gave it to the New York Times. He told a reporter he passed on the document

    Daniel Richman, professor at Columbia Law School in New York, is an advisor to Comey, who said he passed his memo of a Trump meeting to a friend who gave it to the New York Times. He told a reporter he passed on the document

    ‘I was so stunned by the conversation that I just took it in,’ he said under questioning about how he responded from Sen. Dianne Feinstein.

    Comey dared Trump to release tapes of their meetings: ‘I’ve seen the tweet about tapes. Lordy, I hope there are tapes!’

    ‘The president surely knows whether he taped me. And if he did my feelings aren’t hurt. Release all the tapes, I’m good with it,’ he said later in his appearance.

    Sen. Angus King (I-Maine) brought up one of the president’s public statements.

    ‘At his press conference on May 18, the president was asked whether he had urged you to shut down the investigation into Michael Flynn. The president responded: ‘No, no. Next question.’ Is that an accurate statement?’ King asked.

    ‘I don’t believe it is,’ Comey said.

    ‘NO FUZZ’ ON RUSSIAN MEDDLING IN 2016 

    Providing context to the questioning, Comey offered his most uninhibited declarations and denunciations of Russian election meddling in the presidential election when asked.

    ‘There should be no fuzz on this whatsoever,’ he said. ‘The Russians interfered in our election during the 2016 cycle. They did it with purpose they did it with sophistication they did it with overwhelming technical efforts. And it was an active measures campaign driven from the top of that government. There is no fuzz on that.’

    DATE-NIGHT SPOILED

    In one moment of levity, Comey recalled that when Trump personally called him at lunch time to ask him to have dinner that night for what became the Flynn meeting, he had to break a planned date with his wife.

    ‘In retrospect, I lost spending time with my wife, I wish I’d been there that night,’ he quipped.

    Comey repeatedly stated his own belief that he got fired because of the FBI’s Russia investigation, but would only go so far in his speculation, based in part on Trump’s public statements.

    FIRED ‘BECAUSE OF THE RUSSIA INVESTIGATION’ 

    ‘I know I was fired because of something about the way I was conducting the Russia investigation, was in some way putting pressure on him, in some way irritating him and he decided to fire me because of that,’ he told Sen. Jack Reed (D-R.I.). ‘I can’t go farther than that,’ he said.

    ‘It’s my judgement that I was fired because of the Russia investigation. I was fired in some way to change, or the endeavor was in some way to change the way the investigation was being conducted,’ he added.

    ‘That is a very big deal. And not just because it involves me,’ he said.

    The Senate’s big top opened Thursday for the latest circus in the Trump-Comey saga, as the Republican chairman of the Senate Intelligence committee thanked James Comey for his ‘candor’ in prepared testimony saying nation needs to hear his side of the story.

    The former FBI director’s testimony began with reporters far outnumbering the public in a packed Intelligence Committee hearing room.

    ‘This is not a witch hunt. It is not fake news. It’s an effort to protect our country,’ said the panels’ top Democrat, Mark Warner of Virginia, in a shot a President Trump.

    Comey stared straight ahead as the hearing was called to order, but entered the hearing room to a chorus of camera shutters that sounded more like a downpour of rainfall than a political turning point.

    The shutters continued when he rose and raised his hand to take the oath to tell the truth.

    In a hugely anticipated display of political warfare, fired FBI director James Comey went to the Capitol to recount a series of conversations with PresidentDonald Trump that he says made him deeply uneasy and concerned about the blurring of boundaries between the White House and a law enforcement agency that prides itself on independence.

    It was apparent from the get-go that Comey’s testimony would involve drama, substance, and theater. As soon as he took his seat in a Senate hearing room, he was surrounded by cameras. 

    THE PRESIDENT’S NOT A LIAR’ 

    The White House had deputy press secretary Sarah Huckabee Sanders provide an off-camera briefing.

    Asked whether Trump is a liar, she said: ‘No, I can definitively say the president’s not a liar, and I think it’s frankly insulting that that question would be asked.’

     Comey stared straight ahead as the hearing was called to order.

    Sen. Richard Burr (R-N.C.), the Intelligence Committee chairman, thanked him for his ‘dedicated leadership’ and dedicated service to the FBI.

    Referencing his bombshell written testimony, Burr said, ‘Your statement also provides texture and context to your interactions with the president.’

    He said it ‘outlines a strained relationship.’

    ‘The American people need to hear your side of the story, just as they need to hear the president’s description of events,’ Burr said.

    Virginia Sen. Mark Warner, the committee’s ranking Democrat, said in an opening statement that Comey is ‘a straight shooter’ who has been ‘willing to speak truth to power, even at the risk of your career. Which makes the way in which you were fired by the President utterly shocking.’

    LYNCH MEETING PIVOTAL TO CLINTON PROBE

    Burr raised eyebrows with a momentary flashback to Comey’s July 5, 2016 press conference, in which he described a host of potential criminal offenses committed by Hillary Clinton in connection with her classified email scandal.

    Comey said former attorney general Loretta Lynch’s private meeting with Bill Clinton on an airport tarmac was the last straw that convinced him he had to come forward.

    The FBI ultimately did not recommend criminal charges against Mrs. Clinton, who was running for president against Donald Trump at the time.

    But Comey’s public statements spelled the beginning of the end for her White House ambitions.

    That tarmac meeting, which raised suspicions of collusion, influenced him ‘in an ultimately conclusive way,’ Comey testified.

    ‘That was the thing that capped it for me, that I had to do something separately to protect the credibility of the investigation,’ he said.

    He added later that Lynch had asked him not to use the term ‘investigation’ in connection to the Clinton probe, which wasn’t accurate. ‘At one point the attorney general directed me not to call it an ‘investigation’ but instead to call it a ‘matter,’ which confused me and concerned me.’

    ‘That was one of the bricks in the load that lead me to conclude I have to step away from the (Justice) department if we are to close this case credibly,’ Comey testified.

    ‘We had a criminal investigation open at the time, so that gave me a queasy feeling,’ Comey said.

    Warner said that while Trump was pressuring Comey to relax his investigation of Flynn, ‘he was also allegedly pressuring senior leaders of the intelligence community to downplay the Russia investigation or intervene with Director Comey.’

    ‘This is not how a President of the United States behaves,’ Warner scolded.

    ‘Regardless of the outcome of our investigation into those Russia links, Director Comey’s firing and his testimony raise separate and troubling questions that we must get to the bottom of.’

    The testimony, Comey’s first public statements since his May 9 dismissal, is likely to bring hours of uncomfortable attention to an administration shadowed for months by an investigation into ties between the Trump campaign and Russia.

    His account of demands for loyalty from the president, and of requests to end an investigation into an embattled adviser, are likely to sharpen allegations that Trump improperly sought to influence the FBI-led probe.

    Lines snaked through hallways in a Senate office building on Thursday morning as Capitol Hill staffers and ordinary people vied for just 88 seats. Most went away disappointed.

    Read more: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-4583766/Comeys-testimony-uncomfortable-spotlight-Trump.html#ixzz4jSZDCnoK
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The Most Important Takeaways From Comey Hearing

Marco Rubio gets Comey to say he was pressured to stop investigation when earlier in testimony he said he was not pressured.

Despite admitting President Trump “simply hoped” the FBI would drop its probe into former national security advisor Michael Flynn, former FBI Director James Comey said he interpreted this as a direct order, which contradicts his sworn Senate testimony on May 3.

Former FBI Director James Comey admitted Thursday to orchestrating leaks to the press in hopes of prompting the appointment of a special prosecutor.

Marco Rubio asked Comey why so many leaks about the investigation kept being released to the press, but he couldn’t explain.

Comey took Trump’s “hope” that he would “let go” of Flynn investigation as an order.

 

Comey contradicts himself again…