Archive for the ‘Constitution’ Category

Why Does America Have a Written Constitution?

Recently I spent some time with a person I respect highly, who is very intelligent, and who has thought about and reached conclusions concerning America’s Constitution.  This person, who is representative of many others, believes that a document written hundreds of years ago is meaningless in today’s America.  He cited the fact that many of the Framers were slave owners, they could not have imagined a nation of hundreds of millions, they could not foresee the technologically rich environment we call home, or the diverse population that now constitutes the body politic.

None of the things cited above can be refuted because they are all true.

First of all, what is a constitution?  A constitution organizes, distributes and regulates the power of the state.  A constitution sets out the structure of the state, the major state institutions, and the principles governing their relations with each other and with the state’s citizens.

So, why do we have a written Constitution, and does this written Constitution still matter?

When the American Revolutionaries broke free from Great Britain they wanted to build their new nation on a solid foundation.  They most assuredly did not want what they had just rebelled against, a monarchy or an unlimited government.

Did the British have a constitution? In the Eighteenth Century just as it is now Britain is unusual in that it has an ‘unwritten’ constitution: unlike the great majority of countries there is no single legal document which sets out in one place the fundamental laws outlining how the state works. Britain’s lack of a ‘written’ constitution can be explained by its history. In other countries, many of whom have experienced revolution or regime change, it has been necessary to start from scratch or begin from first principles, constructing new state institutions and defining in detail their relations with each other and their citizens. By contrast, the British Constitution has evolved over a long period of time, reflecting the relative stability of the British polity. It has never been thought necessary to consolidate the basic building blocks of this order in Britain. What Britain has instead is an accumulation of various statutes, conventions, judicial decisions and treaties which collectively can be referred to as the British Constitution. It is thus more accurate to refer to Britain’s constitution as an ‘uncodified’ constitution, rather than an ‘unwritten’ one.

The British Constitution can be summed up in eight words: What the monarch in Parliament enacts is law. This means that Parliament, using the power of the Crown, enacts law which no other body can challenge. Parliamentary sovereignty is commonly regarded as the defining principle of the British Constitution. This is the ultimate lawmaking power vested in a democratically elected Parliament to create or abolish any law. Other core principles of the British Constitution are often thought to include the rule of law, the separation of government into executive, legislative, and judicial branches, and the existence of a unitary state, meaning ultimate power is held by ‘the center’ – the sovereign Westminster Parliament.  In other words there is neither check upon nor balance to the power of the government.  The entire shape, form, and substance of the government can change at any time by a simple majority vote of Parliament.  To sum up: the British Constitution is a living document.

This is what caused the revolution.  If you look at the list of particulars that are in the overlooked or forgotten part of the Declaration of Independence you see that many of these individual charges against the Monarch as the representation of the government are changes made by arbitrary and unilateral acts of Parliament.

  • He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
  • He has forbidden his Governors to pass Laws of immediate and pressing importance, unless suspended in their operation till his Assent should be obtained; and when so suspended, he has utterly neglected to attend to them.
  • He has refused to pass other Laws for the accommodation of large districts of people, unless those people would relinquish the right of Representation in the Legislature, a right inestimable to them and formidable to tyrants only.
  • He has called together legislative bodies at places unusual, uncomfortable, and distant from the depository of their public Records, for the sole purpose of fatiguing them into compliance with his measures.
  • He has dissolved Representative Houses repeatedly, for opposing with manly firmness his invasions on the rights of the people.
  • He has refused for a long time, after such dissolutions, to cause others to be elected; whereby the Legislative powers, incapable of Annihilation, have returned to the People at large for their exercise; the State remaining in the mean time (sic) exposed to all the dangers of invasion from without, and convulsions within.
  • He has endeavoured (sic) to prevent the population of these States; for that purpose obstructing the Laws for Naturalization of Foreigners; refusing to pass others to encourage their migrations hither, and raising the conditions of new Appropriations of Lands.
  • He has obstructed the Administration of Justice, by refusing his Assent to Laws for establishing Judiciary powers.
  • He has made Judges dependent on his Will alone, for the tenure of their offices, and the amount and payment of their salaries.
  • He has erected a multitude of New Offices, and sent hither swarms of Officers to harrass our people, and eat out their substance.
  • He has kept among us, in times of peace, Standing Armies without the Consent of our legislatures.
  • He has affected to render the Military independent of and superior to the Civil power.
  • He has combined with others to subject us to a jurisdiction foreign to our constitution, and unacknowledged by our laws; giving his Assent to their Acts of pretended Legislation:


  • For Quartering large bodies of armed troops among us
  • For protecting them, by a mock Trial, from punishment for any Murders which they should commit on the Inhabitants of these States
  • For cutting off our Trade with all parts of the world
  • For imposing Taxes on us without our Consent
  • For depriving us in many cases, of the benefits of Trial by Jury
  • For transporting us beyond Seas to be tried for pretended offences
  • For abolishing the free System of English Laws in a neighbouring (sic) Province, establishing therein an Arbitrary government, and enlarging its Boundaries so as to render it at once an example and fit instrument for introducing the same absolute rule into these Colonies
  • For taking away our Charters, abolishing our most valuable Laws, and altering fundamentally the Forms of our Governments
  • For suspending our own Legislatures, and declaring themselves invested with power to legislate for us in all cases whatsoever



  • He has abdicated Government here, by declaring us out of his Protection and waging War against us.
  • He has plundered our seas, ravaged our Coasts, burnt our towns, and destroyed the lives of our people.
  • He is at this time transporting large Armies of foreign Mercenaries to compleat (sic) the works of death, desolation and tyranny, already begun with circumstances of Cruelty & perfidy scarcely paralleled in the most barbarous ages, and totally unworthy the Head of a civilized nation.
  • He has constrained our fellow Citizens taken Captive on the high Seas to bear Arms against their Country, to become the executioners of their friends and Brethren, or to fall themselves by their Hands.
  • He has excited domestic insurrections amongst us, and has endeavoured (sic) to bring on the inhabitants of our frontiers, the merciless Indian Savages, whose known rule of warfare, is an undistinguished destruction of all ages, sexes and conditions.

The colonists tried to follow the procedures as they knew them to find relief within the system.  But they were ignored and baffled as the system kept changing.  They describe their experience dealing with the shifting sands of their revered living document in the following words.

In every stage of these Oppressions We have Petitioned for Redress in the most humble terms: Our repeated Petitions have been answered only by repeated injury. A Prince whose character is thus marked by every act which may define a Tyrant, is unfit to be the ruler of a free people.

Nor have We been wanting in attentions to our Brittish (sic) brethren. We have warned them from time to time of attempts by their legislature to extend an unwarrantable jurisdiction over us. We have reminded them of the circumstances of our emigration and settlement here. We have appealed to their native justice and magnanimity, and we have conjured them by the ties of our common kindred to disavow these usurpations, which would inevitably interrupt our connections and correspondence. They too have been deaf to the voice of justice and of consanguinity. We must, therefore, acquiesce in the necessity, which denounces our Separation, and hold them, as we hold the rest of mankind, Enemies in War, in Peace Friends.

It was because of this failed effort to deal with a system that has no solid structure, a system that can change at the will of a simple majority that the Framers were determined to set our new nation on the solid rock of a written constitution.  What did the Founders and Framers have to say?

George Washington said, “The basis of our political systems is the right of the people to make and to alter their constitutions of government. But the Constitution, which at any time exists, ‘till changed by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is sacredly obligatory upon all. … If in the opinion of the people the distribution or modification of the constitutional powers be in any particular wrong, let it be corrected by an amendment in the way which the Constitution designates. But let there be no change by usurpation; for though this in one instance may be the instrument of good, it is the customary weapon by which free governments are destroyed.”

Thomas Jefferson said, “Our peculiar security is in possession of a written Constitution. Let us not make it a blank paper by construction. … If it is, then we have no Constitution.”

James Madison said, “Can it be of less consequence that the meaning of a Constitution should be fixed and known, than a meaning of a law should be so?”

This is what we were founded upon and this is the philosophical underpinning for the originalist view of the constitution as championed by the late Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia.

What do the leading lights of the living document side of the argument have to say?

Woodrow Wilson said, “Living political constitutions must be Darwinian in structure and in practice. Society is a living organism and must obey the laws of life, not of mechanics; it must develop.  All that progressives ask or desire is permission—in an era when ‘development,’ ‘evolution,’ is the scientific word—to interpret the Constitution according to the Darwinian principle; all they ask is recognition of the fact that a nation is a living thing and not a machine.”

FDR said, “The United States Constitution has proved itself the most marvelously elastic compilation of rules of government ever written.”

Supreme Court Justice Felix Frankfurter said, “The words of the Constitution … are so unrestricted by their intrinsic meaning or by their history or by tradition or by prior decisions that they leave the individual Justice free, if indeed they do not compel him, to gather meaning not from reading the Constitution but from reading life.”

Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall said, “I cannot accept this invitation [to celebrate the bicentennial of the Constitution], for I do not believe that the meaning of the Constitution was forever ‘fixed’ at the Philadelphia Convention … To the contrary, the government they devised was defective from the start.”

Supreme Court Justice Antonin Scalia summed up the end result of more than a century of Progressive constitutional stretching.  “If we’re picking people to draw out of their own conscience and experience a ‘new’ Constitution, we should not look principally for good lawyers. We should look to people who agree with us. When we are in that mode, you realize we have rendered the Constitution useless.”

Or to put it another way the Progressive’s living document has gone a long way to changing the Constitution from something carved in stone to a mirage written in the sand.  So why do we have a written constitution?  In my opinion we need a written constitution so that the government cannot change the social contract with the wave of its hand or the passage of thousand page bills no one even reads.

So why do we have a written constitution?

To keep demagogues and tyrants from arbitrarily changing the rules by which we live.  If you think this has worked see my book The Constitution Failed.  As a professor of Political Science and as the Director of one of the largest Political Science Departments at any university I have long advocated that the study of the Constitution should be moved from Political Science to History because it has become merely an historical document and now has little to do with how our country is administered by the political class.

Does it still matter?  Only if the citizens of this nation have the fortitude to rise up and demand that it matters.

Keep the faith.  Keep the peace.  We shall overcome.

Dr. Owens teaches History, Political Science, and Religion.  He is the Historian of the Future @ © 2016 Contact Dr. Owens  Follow Dr. Robert Owens on Facebook or Twitter @ Drrobertowens / Edited by Dr. Rosalie Owens



Trump Trumps Never-Trump

The Perpetually Re-elected Progressive Elite, the Corporations Once Known as the Mainstream media, and their pet poodle pundits make fun of Trump by calling him a “Reality TV Star.”  They just don’t get it. Half the country wishes they were reality TV Stars.  They say he is brash, uncouth, and disrespectful to the army of political hacks he has been and will confront. They just don’t get it. People want someone who will stand up for the Country Party in the face of the Government Party that has controlled both major parties for so long.

The list of disconnects between the imperial rulers in Chicago-on-the-Potomac and the great unwashed out here in fly-over country is massive.  It is easily more than enough to define a complete breakdown in the social contract of a limited government.  A social contract forged in the Declaration of Independence and enshrined in the Constitution which defines the legitimacy of the current regime.

The Progressive megaphones tell us this is the strongest economy in American History and that President Obama is the greatest chief executive of modern times.  They even fantasize about the “Obama Boom.”  Working people laugh when you try to sell them this obvious propaganda. The government tells us that we have reached full employment.  Anyone who reads should know that over ninety-three million able bodied Americans no longer work and only a little over 150 million are working.  Yet the government tells us there is 5% unemployment when the numbers say it is closer to 40%.  Our leaders tell us there is no inflation no matter how many trillions of fiat dollars they print, and all of us who shop for our own food, buy our own clothes, or pay utility bills know otherwise.

They tell us we won the war in Iraq.  We may have won it by the time King George II left but since Prince Obama got his hands on it ISIS tells us we haven’t.  Our leaders say we have won in Afghanistan.  Everyone in the world knows that the minute we leave the Taliban roll right back into Kabul and the sock puppets we have been supporting all these years as the leaders of a democratic Afghanistan will be flying to Switzerland in 747s filled with American taxpayer’s cash.  We are told Obamacare is a great success. Anyone who had insurance before it started knows that if you like your doctor you can keep your doctor has to be tempered by increased fees, increased deductibles, increased co-payments, and decreased covered services.

They tell us and they tell us and they tell us, we just don’t believe them anymore.

If these belchers of beltway bromides think every day working Americans swallow any of this they have seriously underestimated our intelligence, our interest, and our attention spans.

I have the opportunity to travel the country throughout the year.  I take what some call back roads, the secondary roads that parallel America’s vast Interstate system and that still goes through small towns instead of bypassing them and homogenizing everywhere in to anywhere.  I try to stop at Mom-and-Pop restaurants and take every opportunity possible to talk with people about the issues of the day.  Here’s what I find, Trump, Trump, Trump.

I believe the polls are skewed.  Perhaps people don’t want to say they are for Trump because they know the pollsters will look down on them as simple country bumpkins, racists, or reactionary supporters of old dead white guys.  Perhaps they are talking to those who are at home when the workers are busy working.  Whatever the reason I believe, and I predict that Trump is going to beat Hillary like a drum.  He is going to win in a landslide, and he is going to drag the Republican Party that tried to reject him along for the ride.  I am predicting that due to his wave election coattails the Republicans will increase their majorities in the House and the Senate.

What is the cause of this phenomenon?  Generations of politicians who run as outsiders and who become insiders as soon as they enter the moral and patriotic black hole and before they start swirling in the DC drain to their life-time pensions.  Generations of politicians who sold us out in so-called free trade deals that gave others a free pass into our markets while keeping their own locked to us.  Generations of politicians who have spent us into oblivion, printed more money that there is paper, and borrowed so much money from other nations that we are now the world’s greatest debtor.

So who is to blame for the coming over throw of the twin headed bird of prey that is the Government Party of Power: the politicians themselves. Living in their bubble asking why those who have no bread don’t eat cake they have no idea of what is coming.  Their pollsters are polling themselves and providing the information their paymasters want to see.  And all the while out here in the Heartland a tsunami is brewing that will wash them all away.

To paraphrase what Phil Ochs said so long ago,

In tattered tuxedos they faced the new heroes
And crawled about in confusion
All the hands raised, they stood there amazed
In the shattering of their illusions

Many of the nattering nabobs of negativism who dominate the 24 hour news cycle have been waiting expectantly for Trump to make one mega-gaff that will destroy his campaign.  To hear them crow you would believe he made it when he resurrected the phrase, “America First.”

First used as the name of a widely based organization that sought to keep us out of World War Two.  Then it was used in the nineties by Pat Buchanan in his prescient campaign to save America from the one-worlders.  The left has done their best to make this a catch phrase for defeat because they hate not only what it says but what it implies.  The Elite political class has sought to make it an unutterable phrase condemned by political correctness and exiled because in their minds to even say America First is to defile their one world religion.  They may believe they have tarnished the concept with 75 years of negative propaganda and indoctrination but still 57% of American citizens believe in America First, they want an America First foreign policy, an America First trade policy, and an America First immigration policy.  They want an America First president.

My prediction: After all is said and done, after all the dust settles, after Crooked Hillary goes home to lick her wounds, after the neo-con talking heads and their K-Street financiers realize the prize has slipped from their hands it will end up that Trump Trumps Never-Trump.

Dr. Owens teaches History, Political Science, and Religion.  He is the Historian of the Future @ © 2016 Contact Dr. Owens  Follow Dr. Robert Owens on Facebook or Twitter @ Drrobertowens / Edited by Dr. Rosalie Owens


FAITH ‘This Is a Christian Country’: National Leader Sends Out Astounding Easter Message — but He’s Not an American

by Dave Urbanski
A world leader offered an Easter video message over the weekend filled with affirmations directed toward the Christian church that could come off sounding a bit strange to some — only because such words don’t seem to be stated in such overt ways on such public stages much at all these days.

The central theme of this leader’s two-minute-and-25-second address was that his nation is “a Christian country.”

So who offered the inspirational message?

British Prime Minister David Cameron.

“Easter is a time for Christians to celebrate the ultimate triumph of life over death in the resurrection of Jesus,” Cameron began. “And for all of us, it’s a time to reflect on the part that Christianity plays in our national life.”

“The church is not just a collection of beautiful, old buildings; it is a living, active force doing great works right across our country,” he continued, noting how the church helps the homeless, the addicted, the suffering and the grieving.

“Across Britain, Christians don’t just talk about ‘loving thy neighbor’, they live it out in faith schools, in prisons, in community groups,” Cameron noted. “And it’s for all these reasons that we should feel proud to say, ‘This is a Christian country.’ Yes, we’re a nation that embraces, welcomes and accepts all faiths and none, but we are still a Christian country.”

Cameron also urged his fellow citizens to speak out about the persecution of Christians around the world.

Check out the clip below:

NSA IS Unconstitutional



By John F. Di Leo –
Bill of Rights
On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights was ratified by the Old Dominion – the Commonwealth of Virginia – enabling the Bill of Rights to hit the necessary three-quarters requirement for passage. With Virginia’s ratification, the Bill of Rights was now a part of the Constitution of the United States.

Both how we came to this point, and the reason it was done, tell us a great deal about the Founding Era. To better understand where we are today, let’s take a moment to look back, and remember 18th century America… and return to the present, and ponder how far we have fallen.

Rights Guaranteed, Rights Trampled

The United States of America was born in the British tradition of guaranteed civil rights. A once-unlimited monarchy was constrained, bit by bit, by hard-won agreements. The Magna Carta in 1215, the Petition of Right in 1628, the Habeus Corpus Act of 1679, the Declaration of Rights in 1689… again and again, over the 700 years between the Norman Conquest and the movement for independence in America, the British people had won guarantees against government abuse… through political action, through negotiation, through threat of insurrection.

The British Crown had been loath to agree to these rights. Kings and queens often fought tooth and nail against them. The ability to hold a citizen without trial, to search a home, to shut up a speaker or shut down a newspaper – these are critical tools in the toolbox of a tyrant.

But gradually, over these seven centuries, the British people had won concessions. First just for nobility, then expanded ever so slightly to include merchants, landowners, and more. One still couldn’t say by the 18th century that all British subjects were fully protected, but it was closer to the mark there than in most other countries of a not-yet-modernized world. By the time of our revolution, the British people were among the freest on earth, and were proud of the fact.

Unfortunately, the guarantors of those rights – the documents, the Parliament, the British public – were an ocean away in an era of slow communications, by the time young King George III took the throne.

The first really activist monarch of the Hanoverians, George III wanted to have plums to dole out to his supporters in Parliament, and – to be fair – he understandably wanted to make sure that the American colonies contributed something to their costs. So George started restricting American liberties – sometimes overtly, sometimes by acts of Parliament.

George III saw Americans getting self-sufficient in more and more areas. He didn’t want America to be independently successful; he wanted these colonies to be suppliers of raw materials and consumers of British finished goods, nothing else. So he saw foundries operating in these colonies, and he shut them down. He saw international trade between these colonies and other countries, and he mandated that most trade, then finally, all trade, must travel first through London middlemen. He saw rabble-rousers, and he sent ever more aggressive governors, then troops, to maintain order and quench opposition.

By the days of our War of Independence, George had placed Boston under military law for nearly a decade… he had mandated that our imports and exports be slowed and increased in cost by his politically-connected middlemen (the London factors)… he had stationed troops in hostile citizens’ private homes… he had summarily dismissed whole legislatures, even the Virginia House of Burgesses in Williamsburg!

The list of George III’s affronts to the liberty of British subjects in the Americas is simply too long to list here. Fortunately, the Declaration of Independence covers a good number of them – while still, long as it is, leaving quite a number out!

The question of course is – and was – how could he do it? How on earth could a country so protective of its rights allow its monarch to trample on them?

The answer is that George III did have a certain type of brilliance. While dismissive of our own rights on this side of the Pond, George III was generally a good king to the people of England proper, where the power of Parliament stood. He didn’t shut down printing presses, dismiss legislatures, station troops in people’s houses, at home in England. So when the Americans started shouting that the king was a tyrant, many in England thought it was poppycock; “George is just great as far as we’re concerned!”

George III had adopted a novel theory; that the guarantees of rights enjoyed by British subjects in England, were guaranteed only to the English. He believed that he was a limited monarch only at home in England, not abroad, in England’s many foreign holdings, where he was an absolute monarch.

Never mind that this theory stood in direct opposition to thousands of years of precedent. From the days of the ancient Romans, being a citizen meant that you enjoy the full rights of citizenship, no matter how far from the capital city you may be. But George III didn’t care about Roman citizens, only about the rough settlers of the distant American frontier, and as far as he was concerned, they were just his subjects, not fellow citizens at all. So to him, the Magna Carta, the Declaration of Rights, the Petition of Rights, none of these affected his plans to subjugate the people of the American colonies in the slightest.

Come the Revolution…

As the colonies declared their independence, their state legislatures moved to issue new Declarations of Rights, clearly asserting the fact that these are innate human rights, granted by God, recognized by the people as their birthright. The new states declared that in the view of Americans, it’s government’s duty to defend these rights; government is in fact established for the very purpose of guaranteeing them, of protecting the people from any intruder, attacker or branch of government that would attempt to trample them.

The new state of Maryland included a bill of rights as part of their constitution in 1776; Massachusetts included one in its constitution in 1780. By the end of the War of Independence, every state’s constitution included a list of rights in some form, many based on the Virginia Declaration of Rights, written by George Mason in 1776. Rooted in the common law of England and the seven century British tradition, these new American documents synthesized both the pre-existing legal protections and the true American drive for freedom that had originally drawn our immigrants to these shores.

So these declarations incorporated freedom from a governmentally mandated religious denomination, freedom from government shutdowns of printing presses or public assemblies, freedom from having your business or property taken away by a greedy government. These declarations helped Americans appreciate what we were fighting for, in the hard years of a long and often painful revolution.

The publication of the Declaration of Independence, combined with each state’s own written guarantees, reminded every citizen of what Britain had been doing to us, and reminded us simultaneously that if we won this war, we would govern ourselves, and thus be free of such fears in the future.

The concept of including a bill of rights in every constitution was therefore a foregone conclusion, both from the long history of British documents and from the actions of each state in the 1770s as we broke away from the mother country and set out on our own.

By the time independence was won in 1783, many had forgotten what the purpose of a bill of rights was: to gain a promise from an otherwise unlimited government that, though it might intrude in a thousand other areas, it would never intrude in these. Promise!

The Constitutional Convention… and something new under the sun

In the summer of 1787, the greatest meeting of political philosophers in history gathered together to write a new Constitution. The 55 men of the Philadelphia Convention set out to do something new: not to draw up limits upon an existing king or emperor, but to establish a new form of government, a government that is not just limited by the imposition of a constitution, but that is born of that constitution.

Most arrived at the Convention expecting that the resulting document would include a bill of rights. Several of those in attendance had in fact authored such documents in their own states. George Mason, George Washington’s neighbor and friend – by now generally regarded as the father of such documents – had arrived in Philadelphia with the intent of ensuring that whatever the final document looked like, it would include as strong a bill of rights as possible.

But once the delegates started discussing it in detail – having written seven articles on establishing and controlling the national government, they found themselves recognizing a surprising fact: a bill of rights might not make sense in this document after all!

Here’s what they recognized, in a nutshell: a monarchy, duchy, empire, or other such dictatorship is inherently unlimited. It’s imposed on the people, so it needs to be constrained. A constitution and bill of rights are both needed to limit such a government. Without both, even after a century of honorable behavior, a king might overstep his bounds. So he needed to be told what he could do, and then, he needed also to be told what he could not. And the still-reigning (though ill) king of England had just demonstrated how weak such limits could be in such a situation.

The United States of America was to be a new form of government. The entire U.S. government – all three branches – would be hatched from this document. They would be, essentially, “born limited.”

The Constitution told them what they could do, listing their functions as precisely as they could. The brilliant program of “checks and balances” was designed to build in self-limiting boundaries throughout the new government. The executive wouldn’t try to spread, because the judiciary and legislative would thwart it. The judiciary wouldn’t try to spread, because the executive and legislative, equally jealous of their own power, would thwart the attempt.

Again and again, the Framers built constraints into the Constitution: When the president appoints, the Senate must approve. When the House wants to spend, the Senate and President must agree. When the House and Senate want something done, the Executive will be the one to do it. No one, so theory goes, would attempt to wield power beyond that which was constitutionally granted, because such power would be granted to a rival branch, which would know it was chartered to thwart such a threat.

So, when the time came, the Framers came to the surprising conclusion that a bill of rights would be unnecessary. Such a list is necessary only if there would otherwise be a fear that the government would feel itself unconstrained… but since the entire Constitution was designed to restrict anyway, a bill of rights would not only be unnecessary, it might even be viewed as counterproductive.

The Framers had to consider this:

If we only say “Here’s what the government can do, and no more,” we are being consistent in declaring the government as utterly limited. It’s a shopping list: government can do this, and only this. If it’s not on the list, you can’t do it.

But if we then say “And here’s what the government can not do… this or this or this or that. You can’t ever do any of this, is that clear,” then what have we done? We’ve contradicted ourselves. Because the Constitution doesn’t say that the government can control businesses, so it doesn’t make sense to say “especially not newspapers.” The Constitution doesn’t say that the government can control people’s religious observance, so it doesn’t make sense to say “especially not to set up a taxpayer-funded denomination.” The Constitution doesn’t say that the government can seize anybody’s land, so it doesn’t make sense to say “but if we do, we’ll agree to compensate the landowner at the proper market value of the land.”

And why say “any power not specifically granted in the Constitution is restricted to the states or the people,” when that’s so obvious, it must go without saying?

When they thought about it this way, the Framers realized that it simply wouldn’t make sense to include a Bill of Rights; it would just confuse the issue. They thought that a message that read “you can ONLY do this” would be diluted terribly if you added “but if you DO exceed these bounds, be sure you don’t exceed them in these other directions!” So the Framers voted to stop there, and they published their final document without a Bill of Rights.

George Mason walked out in horror, refusing to sign the final document without such a list, but the majority of the Framers agreed with the logic. So the Constitution was submitted to the states for ratification, just a poetic preamble and the seven articles, ready for the consideration of the states.

A Firestorm Erupts

Perhaps they should have expected it: as soon as the idea of a replacement for the Articles of Confederation was announced (most assumed they would propose amendments, at least at first), the next shock was that this new document included no bill of rights. None at all. No mention of freedom of the press, freedom of religion, freedom of assembly? No mention of the right to be safe in our homes from unwarranted searches, the right to a speedy trial by a jury of one’s peers?

The ratification debate was bound to be hard enough as it was. A potentially bigger central government, certainly a stronger one, this was not what the public had rebelled against England to get. The Federalists (those who supported ratification) went into overdrive, writing articles, giving speeches, organizing support in every state capital, as thirteen separate battles for ratification had to be fought separately.

The Federalists caved quickly on the subject of the bill of rights. They tried to explain why there was no need for one, why in fact it would even be counterproductive, but the idea fell on such deaf ears, they realized that if they didn’t capitulate, the Constitution would be stillborn. The supporters of ratification agreed, in state after state, to make the addition of a bill of rights a condition of ratification, and on that basis, the ratification process began to succeed.

Once the Constitution was ratified, and the new Congress was seated, James Madison, now a Congressman from Virginia, drawing heavily from George Mason’s popular list, drew up a list of amendments for consideration. Seventeen passed the House, and twelve of those passed the Senate on September 25, 1789, ready to be sent on to the states. It took two years for the states to work it out, and on December 15, 1791, the state of Virginia ratified the ten most popular ones, bringing the number of ratifying states to three quarters, and causing the Bill of Rights to become law.

And how have they worked out?

We have now spent 222 years with both a Constitution and a Bill of Rights at the national level. We can never know for sure how the nation would have turned out without the Bill of Rights, but this much we do know:

The federal government has expanded in almost every imaginable direction. It has grown in size and numbers, as the biggest employer and biggest spending entity in the country. It has become the employer of last resort for many, and the employer of choice for even more. It dominates the home loan market and higher education, and now seeks to dominate the healthcare business as well. It buys and sells massive manufacturers like Chrysler and GM, and orders banks and insurance companies around like they were pawns on a chessboard. The federal government has expanded without noticeable resistance in every area not specifically forbidden by the Bill of Rights.

On the other hand, whenever there have been attempts to encroach upon the areas forbidden by the Bill of Rights (and there have been, oh, so many!), the judiciary has usually respected the amendments, though perhaps kicking and screaming along the way. If anything, the judiciary has often imagined these ten amendments to be more restrictive than they were intended to be.

The protection against unfair trials has been morphed into a guarantee of a trial in which conviction is often almost impossible even for the guilty. The protection against government establishment of a religious denomination has been insanely interpreted as a hostility toward government support of the Judeo-Christian worldview that 99% of the Founders themselves held. The protection against restrictions on assembly has been used to support socialist takeovers of state capitols and other federal land, while being conveniently forgotten when tea party groups legally apply for permits.

The warping of the Bill of Rights – this most well-intentioned of documents – has in fact gone on for generations, and today, one political party openly thrashes the Constitution as a document of so-called “negative rights,” as if the very concept of restrictions on government is a dangerous thing!

How far we have fallen.

Our Framers would not recognize the government we have today. They would never have blessed a nation in which half the country depends on government for schooling, for housing, for food, for allowance. They would never have dreamed that such a transformation could occur without a revolution, but it did… in a long slow slide that arguably started with the 16th amendment – the ability to tax individuals directly – and the 17th amendment – the removal of the states’ one and only brake on the federal government, by switching senators to direct election by the masses.

It is perhaps only an academic game – and not a happy one, by any means – to ponder what might have happened had the Framers’ will prevailed, 222 years ago.

What if there were no Bill of Rights at the federal level? What if all there was, in all that short but well-packed document, was a laundry list of things that government might do, nothing else? What if when Hamilton wanted a central bank, the Congress had to debate it, and win public support before it could be chartered? What if when Jefferson wanted to buy land from France, the Congress had to debate that too, and win public support before the check to Napoleon could be cut?

That’s how the nation began. The Constitution was just a list, and anything outside it had to be debated. But ever since the Bill of Rights was added, the argument shifted. Now instead of asking “Can we do that?” we ask “Is it forbidden?” When it is not plainly forbidden by the Bill of Rights, the political strength of the limiting side is rarely sufficient to successfully oppose the expansion. The small-government faction – the faction that stands with the Founding Fathers against the Progressives who seek to empower the leviathan to break free of its bonds – is only strong enough to compete on an ever-dwindling field of battle.

And as we have seen since the dawn of the 20th century, tragically, the list of things forbidden can never be as long as the list of things that an insatiably omnivorous leviathan desires.

The framers gave us one tool, however. Like the “Hope” that was buried in the corner of Pandora’s Box, we have the last amendment of the Bill of Rights – the 10th Amendment – which, if aggressively wielded, can yet wrest control back from Washington, and set this nation free to again be the City on a Hill envisioned by the Founding Fathers.

If only we had them today, in proportional numbers, to help lead us in the fight.

Copyright 2013 John F. Di Leo

John F. Di Leo is a Chicago-based Customs broker and regulatory compliance trainer. He studied his history and political science at Northwestern University, but learned the real impact of the growing leviathan through four decades in international trade. A spokesman of the Illinois Small Business Men’s Association in the 1980s, and a county chairman of the Milwaukee County Republican Party in the 1990s, he has now been a recovering politician for over sixteen years.


By: David Harsanyi

For more than 20 years, an NBC/Wall Street Journal poll has been measuring how voters feel about Congress. And “perhaps unsurprisingly,” writes Ezra Klein, “a majority of Americans — a new record — thinks the current Congress is one of the worst ever.” Klein, like many other liberal pundits, has written numerous pieces about how Congress is the worst/laziest/rottenest ever, so this works out well for him. Not getting your way all the time can be frustrating.

“96 percent of Americans think this Congress is at or below average. What’s wrong with the other 4 percent?” asked Klein in a tweet.

What’s wrong? Absolutely nothing, that’s what. Though I can’t speak for all 4 percenters, as someone who believes this Congress has been one of the most (inadvertently) effective and underrated in American history, I can offer a number of my own reasons.

Voters tend to believe a lot of myths about American government. We believe gridlock is unhealthy (even though historically, we tend to favor divided government). We believe that the majority should always have its way, that popular ideas automatically deserve up-or-down votes and that Congress is more “productive” when it passes lots of laws.

Klein once argued that the No. 1 reason a GOP Congress was “the worst ever” was that it was “not passing laws,” which is the “simplest measure of congressional productivity.” The simplest and also the most misleading. Admittedly, we tend to measure productivity by goals scored, when often we should be measuring it by goals against average. And John Boehner’s House, often pressured by a minority within the minority, has made saves on all kinds of terrible bills.

Americans reflexively dislike gridlock. I get that. In the real world, we like to get stuff done. So do politicians. But this iteration of the Democratic Party has passed more significant legislation than any other in memory — including a complete overhaul of health care and fiscal policy. It was this Democratic Party that championed legislation mandating the participation of every citizen, without attaining even the minimum standard of consensus or input from the other party.

So today’s intractable GOP Congress — despite its often amateurish politics, overreaches and missteps — is an organic safeguard against that kind of irresponsible centralized democracy.

On that merit alone, it should be a lot more popular. And if the ideological gap continues to expand (both sides becoming more purist) and Washington’s big notions keep intruding on the ability of states and individuals to live by their own ideas and ideals, gridlock will be the only remedy. As hapless as the GOP has been, this is how the Founding Fathers planned it.

Then again, I do wonder whether these ham-fisted congressional approval polls tell us as much about our distaste for Congress as pundits think they do.

Despite the widespread belief that gridlock is the primary driver of Congress’ unpopularity, we all have our own bone to pick with politicians. Trust me; not many conservatives walk around lamenting the fact that Congress doesn’t pass more laws. More than likely, many respondents are frustrated by the perception/reality that the GOP isn’t politically effective, that it’s too weak and too accommodating. Check out the anger provoked by the recent budget deal (which is, indeed, awful). If these polls deciphered why respondents are unhappy with Congress, we’d probably end up with something resembling the partisan splits we see in most other polls.

Moreover, disliking Congress is basically akin to disliking lawyers or journalists. Sure, they deserve it, but it’s still often perfunctory. If we truly loathed Congress as much as we maintain, we wouldn’t reliably vote for incumbents. We love our member of Congress. Incumbents, in fact, are safer today than they have been in many decades. I’m going to guess there’s a 96 percent chance that your representative has a better approval rating in his or her district than President Barack Obama does nationally.

So there are probably numerous factors driving Congress’ unpopularity. It’s doubtless that some of those factors conflict with one another. So hate Congress if you must. But if, as liberal pundits argue, an overwhelming majority of Americans are dissatisfied with the House because it’s not passing enough laws to hit some arbitrary quota, then the large majority of Americans have absolutely no clue what healthy republican government is supposed to look like.

David Harsanyi is a senior editor at The Federalist. Follow him on Twitter @davidharsanyi.

Goodbye free speech: California county censors worker for criticizing Obamacare

Joe NewbySpokane Conservative Examinerfree-speech

It seems free political speech is no longer welcome in Barack Obama’s fundamentally-transformed, politically-correct America. Norina Mooney, a veteran employee who has logged some 20 years with Santa Clara County in California, has been censored by county officials for daring to criticize Obamacare, the Daily Caller reported Sunday.

According to the Daily Caller, a coworker was offended after overhearing Mooney criticize the president’s signature healthcare law that has cost millions their current coverage.

Those cancellations, Mooney’s attorneys said, were the subject of conversation that got her in trouble.

The Daily Caller said Mooney was called into a private meeting and allegedly dressed down by a supervisor because an unidentified person was offended after overhearing the alleged conversation.

Now, Mooney must exit the building if she has anything political to say.

The edict is odd, her attorneys say, because according to Mooney, the office is filled with pro-Obama paraphernalia and office workers openly wore pro-Obama campaign attire to work during the election. The message is clear: Any criticism of Dear Leader will not be allowed.

Mooney, the Daily Caller added, works for the child support enforcement division, which does not involve the implementation or enforcement of Obamacare.

Brad Dacus, president of the Pacific Justice Institute, observed the problems with Mooney’s treatment.

“Just when we thought the disastrous ObamaCare rollout couldn’t get much worse, the county of Santa Clara is compounding those problems by claiming that criticism is off-limits,” he said. “Liberals and conservatives alike should be able to agree that this type of censorship is chilling and unconstitutional.”

Several weeks ago, Mooney’s attorneys sent the county a letter demanding answers and seeking an affirmation of public employees’ First Amendment rights to comment on matters of public concern. The county has not responded.

Attorneys are now contemplating legal action.

This is not the first time someone has been reportedly punished for disagreeing with Obamacare.

On Nov. 30, we reported that a cancer patient critical of Obamacare was targeted by the IRS with an audit. The healthcare broker who helped him was also targeted by the IRS.

Last November, Dr. Barbara Bellar said that despite an excellent record, she lost her job at Metro South Medical Center in Blue Island, Ill., for opposing Obamacare.

In October, Dr. Ben Carson compared Obamacare to Soviet communism. It seems he was closer to the mark than he may have realized.

Tyranny is as Tyranny Does

During the recent 4th of July celebration of America’s independence, Hillsdale College, a bastion of constitutional education and a powerhouse in the promotion of liberty, announced a “Read the Declaration” campaign. This campaign encouraged people who were gathered to celebrate the victory of freedom over tyranny to read the Declaration of Independence in its entirety.

Many of our fellow citizens have never read this foundational document. Many who have may have stopped after famous second sentence of the preamble, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights that among these are life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness.” In the Dream Time before political correctness, no child left behind, and the dumbing down of America most of us memorized that sentence in grade school and never forgot it. Sadly many of those same people never read or remembered anything in the document after that sentence. The rest of the Declaration is a litany of the reasons why our ancestors felt that they needed “to dissolve the political bands which have connected them with another, and to assume among the powers of the earth, the separate and equal station to which the Laws of Nature and of Nature’s God entitle them.” Or as they expressed it, “a decent respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they should declare the causes which impel them to the separation.”

The litany that sought to enlighten the opinions of mankind was a long list of the grievances they had with the King of Great Britain: George III.

I believe it would be a good exercise to see how many items on this list would make sense today if we substituted “The Federal Government” or “The President” for the “He.”

America was born out of the desire for people to be free from what they perceived to be tyranny.

At this stage in America’s History we seem to have come full circle. That which we rejected at our birth we find encumbering us once again. Through our own indifference we have forged our own chains and allowed the low-information voters to become the majority of those whose votes are counted. Those who should represent the true majority have been sidelined and cast aside almost as subjects in an occupied state. However people are willing to bear with injustice long and to suffer the insufferable in silence. As our ancestors framed it, “Prudence, indeed, will dictate that governments long established should not be changed for light and transient causes; and accordingly all experience hath shown, that mankind are more disposed to suffer, while evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by abolishing the forms to which they are accustomed.”

Our ancestors finally reached the end of their rope when the stated, “But when a long train of abuses and usurpations, pursuing invariably the same object evinces a design to reduce them under absolute despotism, it is their right, it is their duty, to throw off such government, and to provide new guards for their future security.” Obviously we have not reached this state. The tyranny which we face holds the seats of power. It calls itself by the old names and all the old forms are still in place. Just as there was still a Senate in Rome even after Octavian became Augustus.

Looking at our present day litany:

The president refuses to enforce laws duly passed by the legislature and signed by the executive.

The Justice department incites racial division and covertly interferes in the judicial process.

The administration spies on its citizens and mandates that its employees spy on each other with legal penalties for those who fail to report..

The Federal Reserve creates money without any oversight and irreparably damaging the earnings and savings of the American people.

The Federal Government which is charged with protecting every state from invasion has refused to secure our borders and allowed tens of millions of people to enter and stay illegally adversely impacting every aspect of American life.

The IRS has targeted groups and individuals that hold opinions opposing the Obama administration.

The President has made  recess appointments when Congress was in session; he has waged war without Congressional approval or notification, he took an apology tour around the world, he casts our allies aside, and he promotes our enemies.

Look at this long train of abuses and the subjugation of our God-given rights to a capricious and overbearing perpetually re-elected government dominated by two parties that are merely two heads on the same bird of prey. At such a time as this it is good to recall “That to secure these rights, governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed. That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it, and to institute new government, laying its foundation on such principles and organizing its powers in such form, as to them shall seem most likely to affect their safety and happiness.”

A word to the wise they say is sufficient. After 50 years of ringing the bell of liberty I am beginning to wonder.

It is to the preservation of limited government, personal liberty and economic opportunity that we the descendants of the founders, the children of the Framers should “with a firm reliance on the protection of divine Providence” and “for the support of this Declaration … mutually pledge to each other our Lives, our Fortunes and our Sacred Honor.”

Be vigilant in the protection of freedom, keep the faith, keep the peace, we shall overcome.

Dr. Owens teaches History, Political Science, and Religion.  He is the Historian of the Future @ © 2013 Robert R. Owens  Follow Dr. Robert Owens on Facebook or Twitter @ Drrobertowens / Edited by Dr. Rosalie Owens



We Are Getting There One Person at a Time -Palin Endorsed Jason Smith Wins MO Special Election in Landslide, Gets Congrats from Mama Grizzly!

By Gary P Jacksonjasonsmith2013a

In the Missouri special election held Tuesday night Jason Smith won his race in a landslide, with 67 percent of the vote.

Mr Smith will go to Washington!

Sarah Palin who endorsed Smith tweeted her congratulationsFrom Ed Harris the Chairman of the Missouri GOP:

On Tuesday night, conservative Republican Jason Smith was elected to Congress in a landslide. He finished with 67 percent of the vote, 40 points ahead of his Democratic opponent. Smith, who’s representing Missouri’s Eighth Congressional District, will be a reliable vote against amnesty and common core, and for life, traditional marriage and the Constitution. Just 32 years old, he will be one of the youngest members of Congress.

Smith has more in common with Rush Limbaugh than he does with Chris Christie. In fact, his district includes Cape Girardeau, Limbaugh’s hometown. The Eighth District runs from Missouri’s southeastern boot heel clear up the Mississippi River to just south of St. Louis County, and then dives down to the Arkansas border. It’s a rural, conservative district — so conservative that Smith’s Democratic opponent ran on a pro-life, pro-Second Amendment, anti-Obamacare platform.

Smith himself has a long track record of conservatism. He grew up on a farm in Dent County. In college, he’d drive from Dent County to Maries County to pick up yard signs calling on Missouri’s then-governor, Democrat Mel Carnahan, to accept the will of Missourians and not veto a bill banning partial-birth abortion. He then helped distribute those signs across the state.

He’s been busy since college. He’s gotten a law degree, started a small business, worked on his family farm and run for office. In 2005, he was elected to the Missouri House. Once there, he backed tax cuts, Second Amendment protections and general good government laws.

In addition to being a small-government conservative, Smith has an easygoing personality that allows him to make friends easily and avoid angering people. At a recent fundraiser in St. Louis, former U.S. Senator Jack Danforth said that Smith is “more conservative than me and one of the best guys I know.” High praise from a man who disagrees with Smith on a number of issues.

I spent Tuesday night with Smith in southern Jefferson County. Shortly after the polls closed, it became clear that he was going to win easily. I was excited for him and wanted to talk about his swearing-in. But Smith was too superstitious to discuss any of that before all the votes had been counted. Instead, he talked about how he spent the last hours of Election Day at a quiet spot on his Salem, Missouri farm.

Now he’s off to D.C., where he’ll try to save our republic. I like his chances.

Let us add our congratulations as well, and hope this is just a taste of what is to come in 2014!

War What is it Good For

The President of Afghanistan, the man we installed and the leader of a land that is a nation in name only recently accused the United States of colluding with the Taliban to keep the war going. According to his spokesman, “The people of Afghanistan ask NATO to define the purpose and aim of the so-called war on terror… (They) consider this war as aimless and unwise to continue.”

I am a supporter of our troops.  I believe they are patriots and America’s best.  It is not the bravery or skill of our troops that I question; it is the imperial foreign policy which sends them as sacrifices on the altar of political ambition that I question.  The cruel calculations of political elites using our service men and women as pawns on their partisan game board are shameful.  The most shocking example of this is President Obama’s announcing a surge in troops at the same time he announced the exit strategy for leaving the country.  What could be more counterproductive than telling an asymmetrical partisan enemy that if they hang on long enough we leave and you win?

Look at Iraq.  We went to war to stop the spread of weapons of mass destruction which even President Bush eventually admitted were never there.  We went to war because our leaders intimated that Iraq had a hand in the sneak attacks of 9-11 based on a rumored meeting between an Iraqi agent and Mohamed Atta another claim that has since been repudiated.  Did we go to war to correct the partial victory we gained in Gulf War I under George I?  Did we go to war as George II later claimed to make the Mideast safe for democracy?  Whatever the reason for invading Iraq, a nation we supported for years, a nation which had not and was not planning to attack us, what did we accomplish and what do we have now that we are gone?

What about Afghanistan?  After the sneak attacks on 9-11 we had every legal and moral right to attack the nation that harbored and protected Al-Qaeda.  However, to keep faith with the Constitution a declaration of war should have been obtained.  Our armed forces waged a brilliant campaign that dismantled the Taliban regime in short order.  Then instead of saying, if it happens again we will come back again, and leaving we have stayed for more than ten years squandering hundreds of billions building a nation for people who don’t see themselves as a nation.  They are a collection of tribes grouped together by the necessities of international politics surrounded by a porous border and a history of ungovernable conflict.

Does anyone doubt that after we leave Kabul the Taliban will return?  Does anyone doubt that the training and weapons that we have given to our Afghan allies which are turned against us on a regular basis will form the bedrock of future Taliban strength?

The Constitution gives Congress the exclusive right to declare war.  This limitation on the prerogative of our chief executive to commit America to war without the consent of the citizens was considered one of the most important strengths of the document.  The founders of our nation came from a society in which autocratic kings had often plunged their nations into wars based on their own desires, whims, and political machinations.  Those who wrote the Constitution to be the framework for a new type of nation were determined that we should never go to war unless it was the expression of the people through their elected representatives.

There hasn’t been a declared war since World War II and yet our sons and daughters have fought and died in countless battles around the world.  With the war in Afghanistan set to wind down the Neocons and Progressives are beating the war drums daily for intervention in Syria and war with Iran.

I believe once the truth is known America, in keeping with the Obama Administration’s on-going policy of supporting Islamic Radicals, has been supplying weapons to the Al-Qaeda led Syrian rebels for years.  I contend that the Mission in Benghazi and its satellite CIA Safe-House was in reality a conduit for transferring untraceable weapons from the captured Libyan arsenal through Turkey to the rebels.  So when it comes to Syria we are already there, and now our Neo-con cheerleaders want us to directly intervene.

The same goes for Iran.  There is a shadow war that has been raging for years between Israel with American support and Iran.  This shadow war consists of assassinations of nuclear scientists, bombing nuclear facilities and uploading computer viruses into computers used to control the cyclotrons used to enrich uranium on the part of the allies.  The response has
been attacks against Israeli citizens around the world and even a bombing attempt in WashingtonD.C.

This is not enough.  America has been goaded into imposing draconian sanctions against Iran.  Sanctions which if imposed on us we would be consider acts of war.  Once again this is not enough.  The Neocons are working day and night to get us to deliver some shock and awe all over Iran all in the name of peace.

Iran has not attacked another country in the memory of anyone who is alive today.  Or in the lives of the ancestors going back hundreds of years.  America’s intelligence agencies unanimously tell us, Congress, and the Administration that Iran does not have a nuclear weapons program.  Iran is a signer of the Nuclear Proliferation Treaty, and as a part of that treaty it is guaranteed the right to develop nuclear power for peaceful means.

As part of the big push to get us into another war we are told “Containment is off the table.”  Usually soon after we are told “All options are on the table.”  Why is containment off the table?  It worked during the Cold war when we faced off with an enemy many times larger with thousands of nuclear weapons on delivery systems aimed at our cities.  Why won’t it work against a nation that at this point has no nuclear weapons?

Why is it acceptable for North Korea to have nuclear weapons but not Iran?  Does anyone think the Ayatollahs are crazier than the new boy dictator of the Kim dynasty?  There is no doubt that the United States military has the ability to destroy Iran’s conventional defensive and offensive resources within a short time.  It is obvious we could, “Bomb them back to the stone age” as the saying goes.  However that wouldn’t necessarily mean that some of the stones thrown later in the contest might not hurt.  Iran has an unknown asymmetrical war capability.

It is believed that their allies in Gaza and Lebanon would immediately attack Israel.  The Iranians would also do all they could to interrupt the supply of the oil upon which we continue to allow ourselves to need.  They would attempt to attack the oil fields of their neighbors, to close the Straits of Hormuz, attack nearby American bases, and possible stir up rebellions in Sunni ruled countries with either sizable Shiite minorities or in some cases majorities.  We might even face terrorist attacks here in the Homeland.  This war would not be a cake walk.  The military and economic consequences would be immediate and they would be dire.

However, as dire as these consequences would be these are not potentially the most troubling. War opens the door for domestic changes that would not be possible during normal times.  While we have been and are engaged in a multi-generational seemingly endless series of wars this war might be different.  While all our other wars have been fought over there the civilian population continued to live as if Americans were not in harm’s way even though they were.  In other words we managed to have both guns and butter, war overseas and peace at home.  In the case of a war with Iran we might face a situation that could bring the war home to America in multiple ways.

Economically gas could skyrocket causing dislocation in our fragile economy.  On the military front terror sleeper cells could be activated in America or terrorists could come in through our porous southern border.  Both the economic impact and terrorist activities would open the door for drastic government action which could well negatively impact our lives.  Rights are often curtailed in times of emergency.   The cost of war is often seen in the growth of government power and the loss of freedom at home.

Our worldwide military presence is not keeping us safe and in many ways it is provocative.  Peace and equitable trade with all is the course recommended by our founders.  It was the foreign policy of every administration until McKinley and the default position until FDR.  Let us return to our traditions and reject these endless wars for peace.  Let us quit supporting other economies with our foreign bases.  Let us end the many entangling agreements that bind us to fight for others who should instead fight for themselves.

With real peace we could perhaps deal with the domestic issues that are tearing us apart and driving us into bankruptcy.  Every patriot should recognize the danger new fronts in our never-ending war will have on our current battle to maintain personal liberty, individual freedom, and economic opportunity here at home.  Consequently patriots should do everything in their power to stop the stampede to war.  Stand up for real peace and not for more wars for a peace that never comes.

Dr. Owens teaches History, Political Science, and Religion.  He is the Historian of the Future @ © 2013 Robert R. Owens  Follow Dr. Robert Owens on Facebook or Twitter @ Drrobertowens / Edited by Dr. Rosalie Owens