Conservatism is a political and social philosophy that promotes the maintenance of traditional institutions and opposes rapid change in society. Conservatism is not so much a philosophy as an attitude, a constant force, performing a timeless function in the development of a free society, and corresponding to a deep and permanent requirement of human nature itself. It is the persistent image of society as a command structure in which the responsibilities of leadership can be exercised within the framework of a strong state manifested in divine right.
Progressivism is a political attitude favoring or advocating changes or reform. Progressivism is often viewed in opposition to conservative ideologies. The Progressive Movement began in cities with settlement workers and reformers who were interested in helping those facing harsh conditions at home and at work. In the United States, the term progressivism emerged in the late 19th century into the 20th century in reference to a more general response to the vast changes brought by industrialization: an alternative to both the traditional conservative response to social and economic issues and to the various more radical streams of socialism and anarchism which opposed them.
Progressive Liberals are often called “left-wing“, as opposed to “right-wing” conservatives. The progressive school, as a unique branch of contemporary political thought, tends to advocate certain left of center or left-wing views that may conflict with mainstream conservative views, despite the fact that modern liberalism and progressivism may still both support many of the same Socialistic, Communistic or Maoist policies.